Summary of the purpose and content of each of the 13 articles: And considering that the Great Governor of the World liked to bow, approve and empower the hearts of the legislators we each represent in Congress to ratify the said articles of Confederation and Eternal Unification. Know that by virtue of the authority and authority given to us for this purpose, we, the undersigned delegates, ratify and fully confirm, through those present, on behalf of and on behalf of our respective electors, each of the aforementioned Articles of Confederation and Eternal Union, as well as all questions and things contained therein: And we continue to solemnly commit ourselves and to commit ourselves to the faith of our respective voters, that they will abide by the decisions of the United States in Congress, which are united on all matters submitted to them by the said Confederation. And that its articles will be inviolably respected by the States we represent and that the Union will be eternal. Canada, which adheres to this confederation and adheres to the measures of the United States, is admitted to this Union and is entitled to all the advantages of this Union: but no other colony can be admitted to it unless this inclusion is approved by nine states. Weaknesses inherent in the Confederation`s governance framework have also hampered the government`s ability to conduct foreign policy activities. In 1786, Thomas Jefferson, concerned about congressional failure to fund an American naval force to confront Barbary pirates, wrote in diplomatic correspondence to James Monroe: “It will be said that there is no money in the treasury. There will never be money in the treasury until Confederation has cut its teeth.  Nevertheless, some solid achievements had been achieved: some state claims to the lands of the West were settled, and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established the basic model of government development in the territories north of the Ohio River. Equally important, Confederation provided the new nation with instructive experience in self-government through a written document. By exposing their own weaknesses, the articles paved the way for the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and the current form of U.S. government. Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and all powers, jurisdictions, and rights not expressly delegated to the United States by this Confederacy are united in Congress. All funds and debts issued by Congress or under the authority of Congress before the Assembly of the United States in accordance with this Confederation shall be deemed and deemed to be a burden on the United States for payment and satisfaction, the said United States and the public confidence being solemnly committed.
On February 2, 1781, the long-awaited decision was made by the Maryland General Assembly in Annapolis.  The final question during the afternoon session was “signed and sealed under the comprehensive statutes” by Governor Thomas Sim Lee in the Senate Chamber in the presence of members of both houses. a law authorizing the delegates of that state to Congress to sign and ratify the articles of confederation” and eternal union among the states. The Senate then adjourned “to the first Monday in August of the following.” Maryland`s decision to ratify the articles was notified to the Continental Congress on February 12. The confirmation of the signing of the articles by the two Maryland delegates took place at noon on March 1, 1781 in Philadelphia and was celebrated in the afternoon. With these events, the articles came into force and the United States of America became a sovereign federal state. The Committee of States, or nine of them, shall be authorized, during the recess of Congress, to exercise the powers of congress which the United States has convened in Congress with the consent of nine States, from time to time deemed appropriate to endow them with those States; provided that no power is delegated to the said Committee, the exercise of which requires the vote of nine states in the United States Congress under the Articles of Confederation. The main diplomatic effect of the declaration was to allow recognition of the United States by friendly foreign governments. The Sultan of Morocco mentioned American ships in a consular document in 1777, but Congress had to wait until the 1778 Treaty of Alliance with the France for formal recognition of U.S. independence.
The Netherlands recognized the independence of the United States in 1782. Although Spain entered the war against Britain in 1779, it did not recognize the independence of the United States until 1783 in the Treaty of Paris. Under the terms of the treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, Britain officially recognized the United States as a sovereign and independent nation. The constitutional redistribution of powers has created a new form of government unprecedented under the sun. Each former national authority had been either centralized or a confederation of sovereign states. The new American system was neither; It was a mix of both.  The peace treaty left the United States independent and at peace, but with a troubled governance structure. The articles provided for a permanent confederation, but gave Congress – the only federal institution – little power to self-finance or ensure that its resolutions were implemented. There was no president, no executive agencies, no judiciary, no tax base. .